Quantitative Analysis of Alkaloidal Constituents in Imported Fire Ants by Gas Chromatography Academic Article uri icon


  • A method based on silica gel chromatography and GC-MS/GC-FID analyses was developed for the quantitation of alkaloidal compounds in imported fire ants, Solenopsis richteri, S. invicta, and their hybrid found in the southern United States. The cis and trans alkaloids from fire ant body extracts were successfully separated by silica gel chromatography, identified by GC-MS, and quantitated by GC-FID. Piperideine compounds were eluted together with the cis and trans piperidines, but were well-resolved on a nonpolar GC column. Eight pairs of piperidine isomers and 12 piperideines were quantitated. The ratios of trans alkaloids to corresponding cis isomers ranged from 87 to 378:1 in S. invicta and were significantly higher than in S. richteri and hybrid ants. The results were discussed in relation to the evolution of fire ant venom alkaloids and their role as host location cues for parasitic Pseudacteon phorid flies.

published proceedings

  • Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry

author list (cited authors)

  • Yu, Y., Wei, H., Fadamiro, H. Y., & Chen, L. i.

publication date

  • January 1, 2014 11:11 AM