Radiation Use Efficiency and Agronomic Performance of Biomass Sorghum under Different Sowing Dates Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • Accurate estimation of radiation use efficiency (RUE) at variable timed sowing dates will enhance the prediction of plant dry matter accumulation. The objectives of this study were to (1) determine the impact of three sowing dates on the productivity, performance, and economic feasibility of three biomass sorghum hybrids and (2) evaluate the variability of RUE in the production of biomass sorghum under the effects of variable timed sowing dates. Over a two-year experiment, biomass sorghum hybrids were grown and monitored at different sowing seasons under optimal growth conditions. Average dry biomass (DB) productivity at harvest ranged from 22.71 to 32.77 Mg ha1. Higher leaf area index (LAI) values (>4.0) represented an intercept of over 95% of incident photosynthetically active radiation (PAR). RUE obtained from the slope of the linear relationship between DB produced and accumulated intercepted photosynthetically active radiation (IPAR) ranged from 2.92 to 4.157 g MJ1 across growing seasons. Higher RUE values were observed for the energy hybrids in the early and mid-season. They converted IPAR efficiently into DB. Lastly, the economic feasibility of each sorghum hybrid and sowing date was evaluated in terms of their expected net returns. Economic results suggest that the sorghum hybrids considered could be a viable source of biomass season long, with net returns ranging from USD 560.55 ha1 to USD 1255.06 ha1.

published proceedings

  • AGRONOMY-BASEL

author list (cited authors)

  • Chavez, J. C., Ganjegunte, G. K., Jeong, J., Rajan, N., Zapata, S. D., Ruiz-Alvarez, O., & Enciso, J.

complete list of authors

  • Chavez, Jose C||Ganjegunte, Girisha K||Jeong, Jaehak||Rajan, Nithya||Zapata, Samuel D||Ruiz-Alvarez, Osias||Enciso, Juan

publication date

  • May 2022