Effect of interferon-tau on prostaglandin biosynthesis, transport, and signaling at the time of maternal recognition of pregnancy in cattle: evidence of polycrine actions of prostaglandin E2. Academic Article uri icon


  • Recognition and establishment of pregnancy involve several molecular and cellular interactions among the conceptus, uterus, and corpus luteum (CL). In ruminants, interferon-tau (IFNtau) of embryonic origin is recognized as the pregnancy recognition signal. Endometrial prostaglandin F(2alpha) (PGF(2alpha)) is the luteolysin, whereas PGE(2) is considered a luteoprotective or luteotrophic mediator at the time of establishment of pregnancy. The interplay between IFNtau and endometrial PGs production, transport, and signaling at the time of maternal recognition of pregnancy (MRP) is not well understood. We have studied the expression of enzymes involved in metabolism of PGE(2) and PGF(2alpha), cyclooxygenase-1 (COX-1) and COX-2, PG synthases (PGES and PGFS), PG 15-dehydrogenase, and PG transporter as well as PGE(2) (EP2 and EP3) and PGF(2alpha) receptors. IFNtau influences cell-specific expression of COX-2, PGFS, EP2, and EP3 in endometrium, myometrium, and CL in a spatio-temporal and tissue-specific manner, whereas it does not alter COX-1, PGES, PG 15-dehydrogenase, PG transporter, or PGF(2alpha) receptor expression in any of these tissues. In endometrium, IFNtau decreases PGFS in epithelial cells and increases EP2 in stroma. In myometrium, IFNtau decreases PGFS and increases EP2 in smooth muscle cells. In CL, IFNtau increases PGES and decreases EP3. Together, our results show that IFNtau directly or indirectly increases PGE(2) biosynthesis and EP2-associated signaling in endometrium, myometrium, and CL during MRP. Thus, PGE(2) may play pivotal roles in endometrial receptivity, myometrial quiescence, and luteal maintenance, indicating polycrine (endocrine, exocrine, paracrine, and autocrine) actions of PGE(2) at the time of MRP. Therefore, the establishment of pregnancy may depend not only on inhibition of endometrial PGF(2alpha), but also on increased PGE(2) production in cattle.

published proceedings

  • Endocrinology

author list (cited authors)

  • Arosh, J. A., Banu, S. K., Kimmins, S., Chapdelaine, P., Maclaren, L. A., & Fortier, M. A.

citation count

  • 117

complete list of authors

  • Arosh, JA||Banu, SK||Kimmins, S||Chapdelaine, P||Maclaren, LA||Fortier, MA

publication date

  • November 2004