Prostaglandin biosynthesis, transport, and signaling in corpus luteum: a basis for autoregulation of luteal function. Academic Article uri icon


  • The corpus luteum (CL) is a transient ovarian endocrine gland formed from the ovulated follicle. Progesterone is the primary secretory product of CL and is essential for establishment of pregnancy in mammals. In the cyclic female, the life span of CL is characterized by luteal development, maintenance, and regression regulated by complex interactions between luteotrophic and luteolytic mediators. It is universally accepted that prostaglandin (PG) F(2a) is the luteolysin whereas PGE(2) is considered as a luteotropin in most mammals. New emerging concepts emphasize the autocrine and paracrine actions of luteal PGs in CL function. However, there is no report on selective biosynthesis and cellular transport of luteal PGE(2) and PGF(2alpha) in the CL of any species. We have studied the expression of enzymes involved in the metabolism of PGE(2) and PGF(2alpha), cyclooxygenase (COX)-1 and -2, PGE and F synthases, PG 15-dehydrogenase, and PG transporter as well as receptors (EP2, EP3, and FP) throughout the CL life span using a bovine model. COX-1, PGF synthase, and PG 15-dehydrogenase are expressed at constant levels whereas COX-2, PGE synthase, PG transporter, EP2, EP3, and FP are highly modulated during different phases of the CL life span. The PG components are preferentially expressed in large luteal cells. The results indicate that PGE(2) biosynthesis, transport, and signaling cascades are selectively activated during luteal maintenance. By contrast the PGF(2alpha) system is activated during luteal regression. Collectively, our results suggest an integrated role for luteal PGE(2) and PGF(2alpha) in autoregulation of CL function.

published proceedings

  • Endocrinology

author list (cited authors)

  • Arosh, J. A., Banu, S. K., Chapdelaine, P., Madore, E., Sirois, J., & Fortier, M. A.

citation count

  • 167

complete list of authors

  • Arosh, JA||Banu, SK||Chapdelaine, P||Madore, E||Sirois, J||Fortier, MA

publication date

  • May 2004