Aflatoxin B1 hydroxylation by the pregnenolone-16 alpha-carbonitrile-inducible form of rat liver microsomal cytochrome P-450. Academic Article uri icon


  • The effects of treating rats with various pregnenolone-16 alpha-carbonitrile (PCN)-type inducers of cytochrome P-450p on the liver microsomal metabolism of aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) were investigated. Treatment of male rats with PCN resulted in a 6-fold increase in the 9-hydroxylation of AFB1 to aflatoxin Q1 (AFQ1). Treatment of female rats with PCN resulted in a 16-fold increase in the formation of AFQ1. The age-dependent decline in constitutive cytochrome P-450p levels in female but not male rats resulted in a sex difference in the formation of AFQ1 in liver microsomes from untreated rats (male:female approximately 3:1). The formation of AFQ1 was stimulated up to 5.4-fold when liver microsomes from triacetyloleandomycin (TAO)-treated rats were treated with potassium ferricyanide, which dissociates the complex between cytochrome P-450p and TAO. Treatment of male rats with the cytochrome P-450p inducer, dexamethasone, increased (approximately 7-fold) the 9-hydroxylation of AFB1 to AFQ1 by liver microsomes, and also enhanced (approximately 2-fold) the microsomal activation of AFB1 to metabolites that were mutagenic to Salmonella typhimurium TA98 and TA100. These results indicate that the 9-hydroxylation of AFB1 to AFQ1 is catalyzed by rat liver microsomal cytochrome P-450p.

published proceedings

  • Carcinogenesis

author list (cited authors)

  • Halvorson, M. R., Safe, S. H., Parkinson, A., & Phillips, T. D.

citation count

  • 16

complete list of authors

  • Halvorson, MR||Safe, SH||Parkinson, A||Phillips, TD

publication date

  • November 1988