Black Girls and School Discipline: The Role of Teachers Race, Pubertal Development, and Discipline Philosophy on Discipline Decisions Academic Article uri icon


  • The purpose of this study was to examine whether school discipline sanctions issued to female students are attributed to their racial background and developmental status and if this relation differs by teachers racial/ethnic background and discipline philosophy. Drawing from a sample of 515 practicing educators from the United States, the authors used an experimental design to examine if teachers discipline decision-making differed by students race, students developmental status, and teachers racial/ethnic background and discipline philosophy. Results suggest that teachers racial/ethnic background and discipline philosophy were the most salient predictors of discipline severity. Implications for future research on school discipline and Black girls are discussed.

published proceedings

  • Journal of Emotional and Behavioral Disorders

author list (cited authors)

  • Blake, J. J., Jackson, L., Ruffin, N., Salter, P., Li, H., Banks, C., & Williams, K. S.

complete list of authors

  • Blake, Jamilia J||Jackson, Lyric||Ruffin, Naomi||Salter, Phia||Li, Haoran||Banks, Courtney||Williams, Kayce Solari

publication date

  • January 1, 2022 11:11 AM