Relationships between self-diffusivity, packing fraction, and excess entropy in simple bulk and confined fluids. Academic Article uri icon


  • Static measures such as density and entropy, which are intimately connected to structure, have featured prominently in modern thinking about the dynamics of the liquid state. Here, we explore the connections between self-diffusivity, density, and excess entropy for two of the most widely used model "simple" liquids, the equilibrium Lennard-Jones and square-well fluids, in both bulk and confined environments. We find that the self-diffusivity data of the Lennard-Jones fluid can be approximately collapsed onto a single curve (i) versus effective packing fraction and (ii) in appropriately reduced form versus excess entropy, as suggested by two well-known scaling laws. Similar data collapse does not occur for the square-well fluid, a fact that can be understood on the basis of the nontrivial effects that temperature has on its static structure. Nonetheless, we show that the implications of confinement for the self-diffusivity of both of these model fluids, over a broad range of equilibrium conditions, can be predicted on the basis of knowledge of the bulk fluid behavior and either the effective packing fraction or the excess entropy of the confined fluid. Excess entropy is perhaps the most preferable route due to its superior predictive ability and because it is a standard, unambiguous thermodynamic quantity that can be readily predicted via classical density functional theories of inhomogeneous fluids.

published proceedings

  • J Phys Chem B

author list (cited authors)

  • Mittal, J., Errington, J. R., & Truskett, T. M.

citation count

  • 88

complete list of authors

  • Mittal, Jeetain||Errington, Jeffrey R||Truskett, Thomas M

publication date

  • August 2007