The Serum and Fecal Metabolomic Profiles of Growing Kittens Treated with Amoxicillin/Clavulanic Acid or Doxycycline. Academic Article uri icon


  • The long-term impact of antibiotics on the serum and fecal metabolome of kittens has not yet been investigated. Therefore, the objective of this study was to evaluate the serum and fecal metabolome of kittens with an upper respiratory tract infection (URTI) before, during, and after antibiotic treatment and compare it with that of healthy control cats. Thirty 2-month-old cats with a URTI were randomly assigned to receive either amoxicillin/clavulanic acid for 20 days or doxycycline for 28 days, and 15 cats of similar age were enrolled as controls. Fecal samples were collected on days 0, 20/28, 60, 120, and 300, while serum was collected on days 0, 20/28, and 300. Untargeted and targeted metabolomic analyses were performed on both serum and fecal samples. Seven metabolites differed significantly in antibiotic-treated cats compared to controls on day 20/28, with two differing on day 60, and two on day 120. Alterations in the pattern of serum amino acids, antioxidants, purines, and pyrimidines, as well as fecal bile acids, sterols, and fatty acids, were observed in antibiotic-treated groups that were not observed in control cats. However, the alterations caused by either amoxicillin/clavulanic acid or doxycycline of the fecal and serum metabolome were only temporary and were resolved by 10 months after their withdrawal.

published proceedings

  • Animals (Basel)

author list (cited authors)

  • Stavroulaki, E. M., Suchodolski, J. S., Pilla, R., Fosgate, G. T., Sung, C., Lidbury, J., Steiner, J. M., & Xenoulis, P. G.

citation count

  • 2

complete list of authors

  • Stavroulaki, Evangelia M||Suchodolski, Jan S||Pilla, Rachel||Fosgate, Geoffrey T||Sung, Chi-Hsuan||Lidbury, Jonathan||Steiner, Jörg M||Xenoulis, Panagiotis G

publication date

  • January 2022