Evaluation of the DSSAT-CANEGRO model for simulating the growth of energy cane (Saccharum spp.), a biofuel feedstock crop Academic Article uri icon


  • AbstractThe Decision Support System for Agrotechnology Transfer for sugarcane (DSSATCANEGRO) was evaluated for simulating the growth of energy cane (Saccharum spp. hybrid), a perennial biofuel feedstock crop. Plant growth data collected from a field experiment conducted in the semiarid Texas Rolling Plains was used for model calibration and validation. All model performance indicators showed good agreement between simulated and measured biomass accumulation. After calibration, model was used for simulating plant cane and ratoon biomass yield using longterm (i.e., 33year) historic weather data under rainfed and two irrigation levels. The irrigated treatments were a) 300mm seasonal supplementary irrigation and b) autoirrigation to replenish soil water in the profile to field capacity. The longterm average biomass yield of plant cane (6.4 0.47 Mg ha1) and ratoon (14.4 0.92 Mg ha1) were the lowest when simulated under rainfed conditions. Supplemental irrigation with 300mm irrigation water significantly increased yield of both crops (14.6 0.53 Mg ha1 for plant cane and 29.5 1.33 Mg ha1 for ratoon). The autoirrigation option substantially increased the amount of water applied and resulted in an average biomass of 16.7 0.24 Mg ha1 for plant cane and 44.4 0.36 Mg ha1 for ratoon. Biomass water use efficiency was the highest for ratoon due to its longer growing season. This modeling study showed reasonable performance of DSSATCANEGRO for simulating energy cane growth. Irrigation experiments using historical data showed energy cane as a competitive biomass crop in the Texas Rolling Plains region.

published proceedings


author list (cited authors)

  • Pokhrel, P., Rajan, N., Jifon, J., Rooney, W., Jessup, R., da Silva, J., Enciso, J., & Attia, A.

citation count

  • 0

publication date

  • January 2022