Neurodiversity and Intelligence: Evaluating the Flynn Effect in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder. Academic Article uri icon


  • The Flynn Effect (FE) among child and adolescent populations indicates that intelligence scores improve by about three points per decade. Using nine years of data from the National Database for Autism Research, this study examined whether general intelligence changed significantly for nine cohorts with autism spectrum disorder (ASD; N=671). Analyses demonstrated a downward trend such that Cohen's d from 1998 to 2006 was -0.27. The mean IQ is 92.74 for years 1-3, 91.54 for years 4-6, and 87.34 for years 7-9, indicating a reverse FE of 5.4 points per decade. A linear regression revealed a significant negative FE comparable to the positive effect of age on IQ among those with ASD. Implications for research, practice, and law are discussed.

published proceedings

  • Child Psychiatry Hum Dev

altmetric score

  • 63.65

author list (cited authors)

  • Billeiter, K. B., Froiland, J. M., Allen, J. P., & Hajovsky, D. B.

citation count

  • 1

complete list of authors

  • Billeiter, Kenzie B||Froiland, John Mark||Allen, Justin P||Hajovsky, Daniel B

publication date

  • October 2022