The effects of different silicatization and silanization protocols on the bond durability of resin cements to new high-translucent zirconia. Academic Article uri icon


  • Objective

    The aim of this study was to assess the influence of different silicatization protocols with various silane treatment methods on the bond performance to high-translucent zirconia.

    Materials and methods

    High-translucent zirconia specimens were assigned to five groups according to mechanical surface pretreatment: as-sintered (Con), 0.2 MPa alumina sandblasting (AB2), tribochemical silica coating (TSC), 0.2 and 0.4 MPa glass bead air abrasion (GB2) and (GB4). Each group was subjected to 4 different cementation protocols: Panavia SA Universal (SAU), Panavia SA plus (SAP), silane + SAP (S-SAP), and Universal adhesive + SAP (U-SAP). Tensile bond strength (TBS) was measured after 24 h and 10,000 thermocycling (TC). Surface topography, surface energy, and elemental composition of the abraded zirconia surface analyses were completed. TBS data was analyzed using the Weibull analysis method. Surface roughness and surface energy were compared by one-way ANOVA analysis of variance (α = 0.05).


    After 24 h, higher TBS was achieved with all cementation protocols in AB2 and TSC, also, in GB2 with all protocols except U-SAP, and in GB4 with SAU and S-SAP. After aging, GB4/S-SAP, GB2/S-SAP, AB2/U-SAP, and TSC/S-SAP showed the highest bond strength. GB groups showed the lowest surface roughness and highest surface energy.


    Glass bead abrasion achieved the durable bond strength to high-translucent zirconia using a separate silane coupling agent while altered surface chemistry, surface energy, and roughness without effect on morphology.

    Clinical relevance

    Glass bead air abrasion is an alternative to alumina sandblasting and tribochemical silica coating and improves bond strength to high translucent zirconia.

published proceedings

  • Clin Oral Investig

author list (cited authors)

  • Khanlar, L. N., Abdou, A., Takagaki, T., Mori, S., Ikeda, M., Nikaido, T., Zandinejad, A., & Tagami, J.

citation count

  • 3

complete list of authors

  • Khanlar, Leila Nasiry||Abdou, Ahmed||Takagaki, Tomohiro||Mori, Shinsuke||Ikeda, Masaomi||Nikaido, Toru||Zandinejad, Amirali||Tagami, Junji

publication date

  • April 2022