Alcohol Use Severity among Hispanic Emerging Adults: Examining Intragroup Marginalization, Bicultural Self-Efficacy, and the Role of Gender within a Stress and Coping Framework.
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Most research on cultural stressors and alcohol has focused on intercultural stressors. Continuing to exclude intracultural stressors (e.g., intragroup marginalization) from alcohol research will yield a biased understanding of the experiences of Hispanics living in a bicultural society. As we amass more studies on intracultural stressors, research will be needed to identify mutable sociocultural factors that may mitigate the association between intracultural stressors and alcohol. To address these limitations, we examined the association between intragroup marginalization and alcohol use severity and the extent to which gender and bicultural self-efficacy may moderate this association. A convenience sample of 200 Hispanic emerging adults ages 18-25 (men = 101, women = 99) from Arizona (n=99) and Florida (n=101) completed a cross-sectional survey. Data were analyzed using hierarchical multiple regression and moderation analyses. Higher intragroup marginalization was associated with higher alcohol use severity. Gender functioned as a moderator whereby intragroup marginalization was associated with higher alcohol use severity among men, but not women. Also, higher social groundedness functioned as a moderator that weakened the association between intragroup marginalization and alcohol use severity. Role repertoire did not function as a moderator. Our findings are significant because they enhance the reliability of the association between intragroup marginalization and alcohol use severity, and the moderating effect of gender in this respective association. This emerging line of research suggests that alcohol interventions targeting Hispanics may have a significant limitation by not accounting for intracultural stressors.
author list (cited authors)
Cano, M., De La Rosa, M., Schwartz, S. J., Salas-Wright, C. P., Keum, B., Lee, C. S., ... de Dios, M. A.
complete list of authors
Cano, Miguel Ángel||De La Rosa, Mario||Schwartz, Seth J||Salas-Wright, Christopher P||Keum, Brian TH||Lee, Christina S||Pinedo, Miguel||Cobb, Cory L||Field, Craig A||Sanchez, Mariana||Castillo, Linda G||Martinez, Priscilla||Lorenzo-Blanco, Elma I||Piña-Watson, Brandy||de Dios, Marcel A