Hypertension is associated with inflammation and decreased kidney function. Studies of cardiovascular function have observed that time-restricted feeding (TRF), a form of intermittent fasting, is associated with decreased blood pressure, decreased inflammation, and improved kidney function. We hypothesized that implementation of a time-restricted feeding protocol in hypertensive mice would decrease systolic blood pressure and increase kidney function. C57BL6/J mice were randomly assigned to either an L-arginine methyl ester hydrochloride (LNAME)-induced hypertension (LHTN) model, where they received LNAME in their drinking water, or a salt-sensitive hypertension (SSHTN) model, where they received a 4% high salt diet following LNAME priming and a washout period. Two days following introduction of LNAME or the high salt diet, mice were either provided food
ad libitumor placed on a 12-hour TRF protocol, where they were only allowed to eat from 8PM to 8AM. Hypertensive mice receiving TRF treatment displayed a significantly decreased systolic blood pressure (SBP) after 4 weeks when compared to the control hypertensive groups (LHTN SBP: 1641 vs. 1492 mmHg, p<0.001; SSHTN SBP: 1391 vs. 1301 mmHg, p<0.001). When kidney function was examined in the LHTN group, TRF mice had decreased serum creatinine (Sc) levels along with decreased fractional excretion of sodium (FENa) when compared to their respective control mice (Sc: 0.190.01 vs. 0.130.01 mg/dL, p=0.007; FENa: 0.590.05 vs. 0.320.05 %, p=0.009). Glomerular filtration rate was significantly increased in TRF treated LHTN mice. Overall, these data indicate that TRF treatment reduces blood pressure in hypertensive mice, which is associated with an improvement in renal function. These findings could establish TRF as a potential therapeutic option for hypertensive patients.