Prostate cancer (PCa) will impact one in six American men and many low-risk men endure therapy, while other men die of PCa. Optimal treatment selection depends on distinguishing indolent tumors from those that will cause prostate cancer specific mortality (PCSM). To date, sequencing of prostate tumor DNA has highlighted the fact that prostate tumors develop differently than other cancers. Instead of recurrent protein-altering mutations, many prostate tumors harbor closed chain structural rearrangements that may mediate tumor evolution. However, we do not yet understand which somatic mutations are involved in aggressive disease and PCSM.
To address this crucial question, we are using whole genome sequencing to pinpoint somatic genetic features in tumor/normal paired samples from four PCSM and six non-PCSM patients with treatment-nave, Gleason 8+ tumors. Tumor and normal DNA were sequenced to a mean coverage of 95.3X and 48.3X, respectively. Tumor DNA purity ranged from 49%-79% and tumor ploidy ranged from 1.96 to 2.22. To define the genomic landscape of aggressive PCa, we will compare our findings with published studies and genotype high-priority candidates in at least 50 additional low- and high-grade tumors. We will also compare somatic mutations in PCSM versus non-PCSM cases and use network analysis to identify pathways that may be involved in progression and metastasis. Finally, we will characterize the clonal evolution of PCa tumors using deep digital sequencing to distinguish mutations that were present in the original tumor clone from subclonal mutations that arose after oncogenesis. In this way, we aim to identify potential oncogenic drivers and candidate mediators of progression and metastasis.
Ultimately, we aim to 1) Uncover somatic mutations that are specific to aggressive tumors 2) Determine whether PCSM tumors have unique genetic features, and 3) Understand the role of clonal evolution in oncogenesis and progression. As more tumors are sequenced, this approach may yield valuable markers for diagnosis, prognosis and treatment selection.
Note: This abstract was not presented at the meeting.
Citation Format: Brennan J. Decker, Danielle M. Karyadi, Eric Karlins, Brian W. Davis, Lori S. Tillmans, Stephen N. Thibodeau, Elaine A. Ostrander. Whole genome sequencing of high-grade treatment-nave prostate tumors. [abstract]. In: Proceedings of the 105th Annual Meeting of the American Association for Cancer Research; 2014 Apr 5-9; San Diego, CA. Philadelphia (PA): AACR; Cancer Res 2014;74(19 Suppl):Abstract nr 1536. doi:10.1158/1538-7445.AM2014-1536