Identification of Novel Alternative Splicing Events Associated With Tumorigenesis, Protein Modification, and Immune Microenvironment in Early-Onset Gastric Cancer. Academic Article uri icon


  • BACKGROUND: Alternative splicing (AS), e.g. the tandem alternative polyadenylation (TAPA), has emerged as major post-transcriptional modification events in human disease. However, the roles of the AS and TAPA in early-onset gastric cancer (EOGC) have not been revealed. METHODS: The global AS profiles of 80 EOGC patients were analyzed. The EOGC-specific AS events (ESASs) were identified in both the EOGC and adjacent non-tumor tissues. The functional enrichment analysis, Splicing network, Alternative Polyadenylation (APA) core factor network, and cell abundancy analysis were performed. Furthermore, the landscapes of the AS events in the varied subtypes of the EOGC patients were evaluated. RESULTS: Overall, 66,075 AS events and 267 ESASs were identified in the EOGC. Furthermore, 4809 genes and 6152 gene isoforms were found to be aberrantly expressed in the EOGC. The Gene Ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Gene and Genome (KEGG) pathway analyses showed that the significant pathway alterations might exist in these AS events, genes, and gene isoforms. Moreover, the Protein-protein interaction (PPI) network analysis revealed that the UBC, NEK2, EPHB2, and DCTN1 genes were the hub genes in the AS events in the EOGC. The immune cell infiltration analysis indicated a correlation between the AS events and the cancer immune microenvironment. The distribution of the AS events in varied EOGC subtypes, protein phosphorylation and glycosylation was uneven. CONCLUSION: The study highlighted the vital roles of the AS in the EOGC, including modulating the specific protein modification and reshaping the cancer immune microenvironment, and yielded new insights into the diagnosis of the EOGC as well as cancer treatment.

published proceedings

  • Front Oncol

altmetric score

  • 0.25

author list (cited authors)

  • Zhang, J., Goel, A., & Zhu, L.

citation count

  • 4

complete list of authors

  • Zhang, Jian||Goel, Ajay||Zhu, Lin

publication date

  • January 2021