Hydraulic conductivity of soil-bentonite backfill comprised of SHMP-amended Ca-bentonite to Cr(VI)-impacted groundwater. Academic Article uri icon


  • Hexavalent chromium (Cr(VI)) in groundwater impose serious health problems for human society. This study investigates the potential of using calcium (Ca) bentonite amended with sodium hexametaphosphate (SHMP) as a backfill constituent material in the soil-bentonite slurry trench wall to envelop the Cr(VI) impacted groundwater. The hydraulic conductivity (K) and consolidation of backfill comprising of 80wt% sand and 20wt% SHMP-amended Ca-bentonite were determined via flexible-wall permeameter tests and oedometer tests, respectively. Microstructure characterizations of the amended bentonites before and after contamination were also explored. The results indicated that when the permeated liquid changed from tap water to Cr(VI) solution, the tested specimens exhibited a 1.0 to 1.2-fold variation in short-term K, with all K values fall in range of 2.110-10 to 2.510-10m/s. This mild variation may be attributed to terminate the tests without achieving chemical equilibrium. On the other hand, the Cr(VI) solution had insignificant effect on consolidation of the amended backfill, which is attributed to the dominated incompressible sand matrix skeleton in the backfill that withstood the consolidation pressure and shield the negative effects of the contaminated solution. The microstructure images revealed that the Cr(VI) resulted in relatively strong interlink between particles. Overall, the SHMP-amended bentonite is promising for enhancing Cr(VI) containment performance of the soil-bentonite slurry trench wall backfills.

published proceedings

  • J Contam Hydrol

author list (cited authors)

  • Yang, Y., Reddy, K. R., Zhan, H., Fan, R., Liu, S., Xue, Q., & Du, Y.

citation count

  • 6

complete list of authors

  • Yang, Yuling||Reddy, Krishna R||Zhan, Hongbin||Fan, Ridong||Liu, Songyu||Xue, Qiang||Du, Yanjun

publication date

  • October 2021