Beef flavor vegetable hamburger patties with high moisture meat analogs (HMMA) with pulse proteins‐peas, lentils, and faba beans
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Pulses have been an excellence source of foods due to their nutritional profile including high protein content. In addition, they have less concerns about allergens, gluten, and genetically modified organisms. In this study, high moisture meat analogs (HMMA) that contained commercial pea protein (55.4% protein), lentil protein (55.4% protein), or faba bean protein (61.5% protein) mixed with other constant ingredients (pea isolates, and wheat gluten and canola oil) were produced using a twin-screw extruder (TX-52) with an attached cooling chamber. For consumer sensory tests and texture profile analysis, vegetable hamburger patties with HMMA were produced with the addition of spices, binders, and so on. Trained panelists reported that HMMA with pulses had higher scores on bean-like, sweet, and cohesiveness of mass compared to HMMA with soy that had higher soy, cardboardy, hardness, and springiness scores. Compared to the control, consumer panelists indicated that samples containing pulse proteins had no differences in consumers' liking for the cooked appearance and overall flavor, but had a lower overall texture liking score, and samples with faba bean proteins (FP) had a lower overall liking score. Cooked patties containing pulse proteins were redder and had more cooking yield. Patties with FP required less cooking time. Therefore, vegetable patties with pulse proteins are competitive with soy-based samples.
author list (cited authors)
Kim, T., Miller, R., Laird, H., & Riaz, M. N.