Abstract 13598: The G-protein BetaGamma Subunits Regulate Platelet Function Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • Platelet activation involves tightly regulated processes to ensure a proper hemostasis response, but when unbalanced, can lead to pathological consequences such as thrombus formation. G-protein coupled receptors (GPCRs) regulate platelet function by interacting with and mediating the response to various physiological agonists. To this end, an essential mediator of GPCR signaling is the G protein Gαβγ heterotrimers, in which the βγ subunits are central players in downstream signaling pathways. While much is known regarding the role of the Gα subunit in platelet function, that of the βγ remains poorly understood. Therefore, we investigated the role of Gβγ subunits in platelet function using a Gβγ (small molecule) inhibitor, namely gallein. We observed that gallein inhibits platelet aggregation and secretion in response to agonist stimulation, in both mouse and human platelets. Furthermore, gallein also exerted inhibitory effects on integrin αIIbβ3 activation and clot retraction. Finally, gallein’s inhibitory effects manifested in vivo , as documented by its ability to modulate physiological hemostasis and delay thrombus formation. Taken together, our findings demonstrate, for the first time, that Gβγ directly regulates GPCR-dependent platelet function, in vitro and in vivo . Moreover, these data highlight Gβγ as a novel therapeutic target for managing thrombotic disorders.

published proceedings

  • Circulation

author list (cited authors)

  • Alarabi, A., Karim, Z., Hinojos, V., Lozano, P. A., Hernandez, K., Montes Ramirez, J., Khasawneh, F. T., & Alshbool, F. Z

citation count

  • 0

complete list of authors

  • Alarabi, Ahmed||Karim, Zubair||Hinojos, Victoria||Lozano, Patricia A||Hernandez, Keziah||Montes Ramirez, Jean||Khasawneh, Fadi T||Alshbool, Fatima Z

publication date

  • November 2020