Paper Microfluidic Device with a Horizontal Motion Valve and a Localized Delay for Automatic Control of a Multistep Assay. Academic Article uri icon


  • A microfluidic paper-based analytical device (PAD) is a cost-effective platform to implement assays, especially for point-of-care testing. Developing PADs with fluidic control is important to implement multistep assays and provide high sensitivities. However, current localized delays in PADs made of sucrose have a limited ability to decrease the flow rate. In addition, existing PADs for automatic multistep assays are limited by their need for auxiliary instruments, their false activation, or their unavoidable tradeoff between available fluid volumes and temporal differences between steps. Here, a novel PAD composed of a localized dissolvable delay and a horizontal motion mechanical valve for use as an automatic multistep assay is reported. A mixture of fructose and sucrose was used in the localized dissolvable delay and it provided an effective decrease in the flow rate to ensure adequate sensitivity in an assay. The dissolvable delay effectively doubled the flow time. A mechanical valve using a horizontal movement was developed to automatically implement a multistep process. Two-step and four-step processes were enabled with the PAD. Cardiac troponin I (cTnI), a gold-standard biomarker for myocardial infarction, was used as a model analyte to show the performance of the developed PAD in an assay. The designed PAD, with the simple-to-make localized dissolvable delay and the robust mechanical valve, provides the potential to automatically implement high-performance multistep assays toward a versatile platform for point-of-care diagnostics.

published proceedings

  • Anal Chem

altmetric score

  • 0.5

author list (cited authors)

  • Tu, D., Holderby, A., Dean, J., Mabbott, S., & Cot, G. L.

citation count

  • 7

complete list of authors

  • Tu, Dandan||Holderby, Allison||Dean, John||Mabbott, Samuel||Coté, Gerard L

publication date

  • January 2021