Efficacy of telmisartan for the treatment of persistent renal proteinuria in dogs: A double‐masked, randomized clinical trial
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BACKGROUND: Information regarding efficacy of the angiotensin II receptor blocker, telmisartan, for treatment of proteinuria in dogs is limited. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the antiproteinuric efficacy of telmisartan, as compared to enalapril, in dogs with chronic kidney disease and persistent, renal proteinuria. ANIMALS: Thirty-nine client-owned dogs with chronic kidney disease and urinary protein-to-creatinine ratio (UPC) > 0.5 (if azotemic) or ≥ 1.0 (if nonazotemic). METHODS: In this prospective, randomized, double-masked clinical trial, dogs were block randomized, according to presence or absence of azotemia and systemic arterial hypertension, to receive telmisartan (1.0 mg/kg PO q24h), or enalapril (0.5 mg/kg PO q12h), and followed for 120 days. Up-titration of study drug dosage on days 30 and 60, and addition of the other study drug at day 90, were performed if UPC > 0.5 was noted at these visits. Percentage change in UPC relative to baseline was calculated for all time points. Data are presented as median (range). RESULTS: Thirty-nine (20 telmisartan-treated, 19 enalapril-treated) dogs were included. At day 30, percentage change in UPC was greater for telmisartan-treated (-65% [-95% to 104%]) vs enalapril-treated (-35% [-74% to 87%]) dogs (P = .002). Among dogs persistently proteinuric at earlier visits, telmisartan remained superior to enalapril at days 60 (P = .02) and 90 (P = .02). No difference in percentage change in UPC between study groups was observed at day 120, when combination therapy was allowed. Combination therapy resulted in relevant azotemia in 4/13 (31%) dogs. CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL IMPORTANCE: Telmisartan might be a suitable first-line therapy for dogs with renal proteinuria.
author list (cited authors)
Lourenço, B. N., Coleman, A. E., Brown, S. A., Schmiedt, C. W., Parkanzky, M. C., & Creevy, K. E.