Abstract 3644: Variation in transmembrane transport genes influence epithelial ovarian cancer risk and histopathologic subtype. Conference Paper uri icon


  • Abstract Background. Transmembrane transport (GO:0055085) is the process whereby a solute/hormone/ion/iron is transported from one side of a membrane to the other. Disruption of these processes leads to defects in homeostasis which contributes to cancer risk. We hypothesized that germline single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the cellular transport genes are associated with EOC risk and histopathology subtype. Methods. We genotyped 305 SNPs from 120 cellular transport related genes in 14,525 cases and 23,448 controls of European ancestry, 387 African, and 2,388 Asian ancestries from 43 studies in the Ovarian Cancer Association Consortium (OCAC). A custom Illumina iSelect designed for the Collaborative Oncological Gene-environment Study (COGS) was used. For women of European ancestry, both invasive cancers combined and the four main histological subtypes (serous (n=8,369), mucinous (n=943), endometroid (n=2,067) and clear cell (n=1,024) carcinoma) were analyzed, while for women of African and Asian ancestry only the serous subtype was analyzed adjusting for study site and first 5 principal components. Odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals were calculated using unconditional logistic regression. We fitted a log-additive genetic model. Results. In women of European ancestry, the strongest evidence of an association for all invasive EOCs was the iron transport gene, HEPH rs17216603 (OR=0.85, 95%CI=0.78-0.93, P=2.8x104), which was also the most significant association for serous histological subtype (OR=0.81, 95%CI=0.73-0.91, P=2.0x104). For endometrioid EOC, the strongest association was observed in the glucuronidation gene, UGT1A5 rs11563251 (OR=0.82, 95%CI=0.73-0.92, P=6.6x104). For clear cell and mucinous EOC, the thyroid hormone transport protein, SERPINA7 rs1804495 showed the strongest associations (OR=1.06, 95%CI=1.06-1.38, P=0.0041) and (OR=0.85, 95%CI=0.73-0.98, P=0.0407), respectively. For women of African ancestry, the strongest association for serous EOC was the glutathione conjugation gene, MGST rs6488840 (OR=0.55, 95%CI=0.37-0.82, P=0.0035). This SNP was not significant in women of European or Asian ancestry. In women of Asian ancestry, the HEPH rs17216603 (OR=1.45, 95%CI=1.15-1.83, P=0.0019) demonstrated the strongest association, although the directionality of risk was reversed compared to European women. Conclusions. Our results suggest that variation in transmembrane transport genes may influence EOC risk and histopathologic subtype in women of European, African and Asian ancestries, highlighting the differences in the disease etiology across populations. Additional epidemiological and functional studies are warranted to elucidate translational and clinical utility of these associations. Citation Format: Ganna Chornokur, Jonathan Tyrer, Hui-Yi Lin, Gang Han, Xiaotao Qu, Chen Zhihua, Ya-Yu Tsai, Ellen L. Goode, Julie M. Cunningham, Edwin Iversen, Susan J. Ramus, Andrew Berchuk, Joellen M. Schildkraut, Alvaro Monteiro, Simon A. Gayther, Steven A. Narod, Paul Pharoah, Thomas A. Sellers, Catherine M. Phelan. Variation in transmembrane transport genes influence epithelial ovarian cancer risk and histopathologic subtype. [abstract]. In: Proceedings of the 104th Annual Meeting of the American Association for Cancer Research; 2013 Apr 6-10; Washington, DC. Philadelphia (PA): AACR; Cancer Res 2013;73(8 Suppl):Abstract nr 3644. doi:10.1158/1538-7445.AM2013-3644

published proceedings

  • Cancer Research

author list (cited authors)

  • Chornokur, G., Tyrer, J., Lin, H., Han, G., Qu, X., Zhihua, C., ... Phelan, C. M.

citation count

  • 0

complete list of authors

  • Chornokur, Ganna||Tyrer, Jonathan||Lin, Hui-Yi||Han, Gang||Qu, Xiaotao||Zhihua, Chen||Tsai, Ya-Yu||Goode, Ellen L||Cunningham, Julie M||Iversen, Edwin||Ramus, Susan J||Berchuk, Andrew||Schildkraut, Joellen M||Monteiro, Alvaro||Gayther, Simon A||Narod, Steven A||Pharoah, Paul||Sellers, Thomas A||Phelan, Catherine M

publication date

  • April 2013