Triple-A supply chain performance Academic Article uri icon


  • PurposeIn 2004 Lee proposed that successful supply chains must be agile, adaptable, and aligned and described those chains as TripleA supply chains. The purpose of this paper is to theorize a TripleA supply chain performance model that incorporates TripleA supply chain status as antecedent to supply chain performance and supply chain performance as antecedent to organizational performance.Design/methodology/approachUsing data from a national sample of 132 supply chain professionals collected in partnership with APICS, the authors develop scales based on descriptive items listed by Lee for the TripleA supply chain strategy dimensions of agility, adaptability, and alignment and assess the complete model using a structural equation methodology.FindingsResults indicate that TripleA supply chain strategy positively impacts supply chain performance and that, in turn, supply chain performance positively impacts organizational performance. Supply chain performance is more strongly related to the marketing performance than to the financial performance of the organization. Additionally, marketing performance positively impacts financial performance.Research limitations/implicationsThe major limitation is that only one person in each organization was surveyed with regards to both organizational and supply chain performance. Future research can be aimed at multiple respondents per organization.Practical implicationsBased on the results of this study, the authors argue that organizational success depends on the agility, adaptability, and alignment of supply chains.Originality/valueThis is the first research which has empirically tested Lee's suggestions; his propositions were based on his extensive supply chain research and experience and reported in the Harvard Business Review. The paper's findings are valuable to both practitioners and academic researchers.

published proceedings


altmetric score

  • 0.5

author list (cited authors)

  • Whitten, G. D., Green, K., & Zelbst, P. J.

citation count

  • 155

complete list of authors

  • Whitten, G Dwayne||Green, Kenneth W Jr||Zelbst, Pamela J

publication date

  • January 2012