One-way membrane trafficking of SOS in receptor-triggered Ras activation. Academic Article uri icon


  • SOS is a key activator of the small GTPase Ras. In cells, SOS-Ras signaling is thought to be initiated predominantly by membrane recruitment of SOS via the adaptor Grb2 and balanced by rapidly reversible Grb2-SOS binding kinetics. However, SOS has multiple protein and lipid interactions that provide linkage to the membrane. In reconstituted-membrane experiments, these Grb2-independent interactions were sufficient to retain human SOS on the membrane for many minutes, during which a single SOS molecule could processively activate thousands of Ras molecules. These observations raised questions concerning how receptors maintain control of SOS in cells and how membrane-recruited SOS is ultimately released. We addressed these questions in quantitative assays of reconstituted SOS-deficient chicken B-cell signaling systems combined with single-molecule measurements in supported membranes. These studies revealed an essentially one-way trafficking process in which membrane-recruited SOS remains trapped on the membrane and continuously activates Ras until being actively removed via endocytosis.

published proceedings

  • Nat Struct Mol Biol

altmetric score

  • 2

author list (cited authors)

  • Christensen, S. M., Tu, H., Jun, J. E., Alvarez, S., Triplet, M. G., Iwig, J. S., ... Groves, J. T.

citation count

  • 39

complete list of authors

  • Christensen, Sune M||Tu, Hsiung-Lin||Jun, Jesse E||Alvarez, Steven||Triplet, Meredith G||Iwig, Jeffrey S||Yadav, Kamlesh K||Bar-Sagi, Dafna||Roose, Jeroen P||Groves, Jay T

publication date

  • January 2016