New model of reactive transport in a single-well push-pull test with aquitard effect and wellbore storage Academic Article uri icon


  • Abstract. The model of single-well pushpull (SWPP) test has been widely used to investigate reactive radial dispersion in remediation or parameter estimation of in situ aquifers. Previous analytical solutions only focused on a completely isolated aquifer for the SWPP test, excluding any influence of aquitards bounding the tested aquifer, and ignored the wellbore storage of the chaser and rest phases in the SWPP test. Such simplification might be questionable in field applications when test durations are relatively long because solute transport in or out of the bounding aquitards is inevitable due to molecular diffusion and cross-formational advective transport. Here, a new SWPP model is developed in an aquiferaquitard system with wellbore storage, and the analytical solution in the Laplace domain is derived. Four phases of the test are included: the injection phase, the chaser phase, the rest phase and the extraction phase. As the permeability of the aquitard is much smaller than the permeability of the aquifer, the flow is assumed to be perpendicular to the aquitard; thus only vertical dispersive and advective transports are considered for the aquitard. The validity of this treatment is tested against results grounded in numerical simulations. The global sensitivity analysis indicates that the results of the SWPP test are largely sensitive (i.e., influenced by) to the parameters of porosity and radial dispersion of the aquifer, whereas the influence of the aquitard on results could not be ignored. In the injection phase, the larger radial dispersivity of the aquifer could result in the smaller values of breakthrough curves (BTCs), while there are greater BTC values in the chaser and rest phases. In the extraction phase, it could lead to the smaller peak values of BTCs. The new model of this study is a generalization of several previous studies, and it performs better than previous studies ignoring the aquitard effect and wellbore storage for interpreting data of the field SWPP test reported by Yang et al.(2014).

published proceedings


author list (cited authors)

  • Wang, Q., Wang, J., Zhan, H., & Shi, W.

citation count

  • 5

complete list of authors

  • Wang, Quanrong||Wang, Junxia||Zhan, Hongbin||Shi, Wenguang

publication date

  • January 2020