Teachers' Psychological Distress in North Carolina: An Analysis of Urban versus Non-Urban School Districts Academic Article uri icon


  • Teachers experience a great deal of psychological distress. However, there is a gap in the literature concerning the difference between the distress of teachers working in urban schools versus those in non-urban schools. Thus, the present study utilizes data from the 2018 North Carolina Teacher Working Conditions Survey to conduct a statistical analysis of the agreeability differences between urban and non-urban teachers responses to constructs with implications for their psychological well-being. The results reveal some differences between urban teachers and non-urban teachers. Suggestions are offered to key stakeholders to better support the psychological well-being of teachers.

published proceedings


altmetric score

  • 5.4

author list (cited authors)

  • Lee, S. J., York, P. M., Williams, J., Richardson, S. C., Davis, A. W., Williams, B. K., & Lewis, C. W.

citation count

  • 5

complete list of authors

  • Lee, Shanique J||York, Portia Marie||Williams, John AIII||Richardson, Sonyia C||Davis, Alicia W||Williams, Brian Keith||Lewis, Chance W

publication date

  • November 2023