Thromboresistance of Polyurethanes Modified with PEO‐Silane Amphiphiles Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • Surface-induced thrombosis is problematic in blood-contacting devices composed of silicones or polyurethanes (PUs). Poly(ethylene oxide)-silane amphiphiles (PEO-SA) are previously shown effective as surface modifying additives (SMAs) in silicones for enhanced thromboresistance. This study investigates PEO-SAs as SMAs in a PU at various concentrations: 5, 10, 25, 50, and 100 µmol g-1 PU. PEO-SA modified PUs are evaluated for their mechanical properties, water-driven surface restructuring, and adhesion resistance against a human fibrinogen (HF) solution as well as whole human blood. Stability is assessed by monitoring hydrophilicity, water uptake, and mass loss following air- or aqueous-conditioning. PEO-SA modified PUs do not demonstrate plasticization, as evidenced by minimal changes in glass transition temperature, modulus, tensile strength, and percent strain at break. These also show a concentration-dependent increase in hydrophilicity that is sustained following air- and aqueous-conditioning for concentrations ≥25 µmol g-1 . Additionally, water uptake and mass loss are minimal at all concentrations. Although protein resistance is not enhanced versus an HF solution, PEO-SA modified PUs have significantly reduced protein adsorption and platelet adhesion from human blood at concentrations ≥10 µmol g-1 . Overall, this study demonstrates the versatility of PEO-SAs as SMAs in PU, which leads to enhanced and sustained hydrophilicity as well as thromboresistance.

author list (cited authors)

  • Ngo, B., Lim, K. K., Johnson, J. C., Jain, A., & Grunlan, M. A.

publication date

  • January 1, 2020 11:11 AM

publisher