Λ‑[Co((S,S)‑dpen)3]3+ 2I–B(C6F5)4 –: A Second Generation Air- and Water-Stable Chiral Solvating Agent for Chirality Sensing (dpen = NH2CHPhCHPhNH2)
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When CDCl3 solutions of chiral racemic molecules containing moderately Lewis basic functional groups are treated with the chiral solvating agent (CSA) Λ-[Co((S,S)-dpen)3]3+ 2I-B(C6F5)4- (Λ-(S,S)-13+ 2I-B(C6F5)4-), baseline-resolved NMR signals are observed for the enantiomers (29 diverse analytes). Only 0.62-100 mol % loadings are required (avg 14.5 or 11.6% for 24 analytes common to all tested CSAs). The overall performance is superior to those reported earlier for analogous salts with 2X-BArf- counter anion sets [BArf = B(3,5-C6H3(CF3)2)4]; 1.0-100 mol % loadings, avg 32.6% (X = Cl) or 14.0% (X = I) for 24 common analytes) and a new 2TfO-B(C6F5)4- salt (1.1-100 mol % loadings; avg 31.0% for 24 common analytes), including extensions to prochirality sensing. The effect of the solvent (Δδ in CDCl3 > CD2Cl2) is analyzed. The new CSAs are prepared in two steps from Λ-(S,S)-13+ 3Cl- by standard anion metathesis recipes (90-98% overall). The broad analyte scope and modest loading requirements for the title CSA distinctly surpass those of others in the literature.
author list (cited authors)
Alimohammadi, M., Hasaninejad, A., Luu, Q. H., & Gladysz, J. A.