Subjective Organizational Performance and Measurement Error: Common Source Bias and Spurious Relationships Academic Article uri icon


  • In any design science such as public management, the importance of measurement is central to both scholarship and practice. Research built on measures that are not valid or reliable can generate misleading results and produces little value in the world of practice. This article applies measurement theory to administrators' self-perceptions of organizational performance, measures commonly used in the literature. Such measures can be prone to common source bias whereby spurious results are highly likely. This article uses measurement theory to show why common source bias can be a problem and then introduces an empirical test for bias based on a data set that includes both perceptual measures of performance and archival measures. The empirical test shows that spurious results are not only common but that they might include as many as 50% of all statistical tests. The article further examines the specific types of questions and measures most likely to generate measurement bias and provides guidelines for scholars conducting research on public organization performance. Copyright © The Author 2012.

altmetric score

  • 0.5

author list (cited authors)

  • Meier, K. J., & O’Toole, L. J.

citation count

  • 252

publication date

  • April 2013