A Carrier-Based PWM Method with Optimal Switching Sequence for a Multilevel Four-Leg Voltage-Source Inverter Academic Article uri icon


  • In a three-phase four-wire utility system, three-phase unbalanced loads and many single-phase nonlinear loads result in a neutral line current that is zero-sequence current. To deal with unbalanced and nonlinear loads in a high power system, this paper suggests a multilevel four-leg pulsewidth modulation (PWM) voltage-source inverter (VSI) as a topology for the high power applications where a function is required to control the zero-sequence component as well as dq components. This paper proposes a carrier-based PWM method for a multilevel four-leg PWM VSI along with introducing a novel offset voltage. The proposed offset voltage makes it possible for the switching sequence of all the legs to be optimized for minimizing the harmonic distortion of the output voltage irrespective of the number of inverter levels. The proposed PWM method based on digital signal processors is implemented and tested by using a prototype three-level four-leg VSI. The feasibility of the proposed PWM method is verified by the spectral analysis, simulation, and experimental results. © 2008 IEEE.

altmetric score

  • 3

author list (cited authors)

  • Kim, J., Sul, S., & Enjeti, P. N.

citation count

  • 88

publication date

  • January 2008