A Synthetic Breakthrough into an Unanticipated Stability Regime: A Series of Isolable Complexes in which C6, C8, C10, C12, C16, C20, C24, and C28 Polyynediyl Chains Span Two Platinum Atoms Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • The reaction of trans-[PtCl(p-tol){P(p-tol)3}2] (PtCl) and H(C[triple chemical bond]C)2H (cat. CuI, HNEt2) gives PtC4H (82 %), which can be cross-coupled with excess HC[triple chemical bond]CSiEt3 (acetone, O2, CuCl/TMEDA; Hay conditions) to yield PtC6Si (77 %). The addition of nBu4N+F- in wet acetone gives PtC6H (84 %), and further addition of ClSiMe3 (F- scavenger) and excess HC[triple chemical bond]CSiEt3 (Hay conditions) yields PtC(8)Si (23 %). Similar cross-coupling reactions of PtCxH (generated in situ for x>6) and excess H(C[triple chemical bond]C)2SiEt3 give a) x=4, PtC8Si (29 %), PtC12Si (30 %), and PtC16Si (1 %); b) x=6, PtC10Si (59 %) and PtC14Si (7 %); c) x=8, PtC12Si (42 %); and d) x=10, PtC14Si (20 %). Hay homocoupling reactions of PtC4H, PtC6H, PtC8H, and PtC10H give PtC8Pt, PtC12Pt, PtC16Pt, and PtC20Pt (88-70 %), but PtC12H decomposes too rapidly. However, when PtC12Si and PtC14Si are subjected to Hay conditions, protodesilylation occurs in the presence of the oxidizing agent and PtC24Pt (36 %) and PtC28Pt (51 %) are isolated. Reactions of PtC6H and PtC10H with PtCl (CuI, HNEt2) give PtC6Pt (56 %) and PtC10Pt (84 %). The effect of the chain lengths in PtCxPt upon thermal stabilities (>200 degrees C for x< or =20), IR nu(C[triple chemical bond]C) patterns (progressively more bands), colors (yellow to orange to deep red), UV/Vis spectra (progressively red-shifted and more intense bands with epsilon>400,000 M(-1) cm(-1)), redox properties (progressively more difficult oxidations), and NMR spectra (many monotonic trends) are analyzed, including implications for the sp carbon allotrope carbyne. Whereas all other dodecaynes and tetradecaynes rapidly decompose at room temperature, PtC24Pt and PtC28Pt remain stable at >140 degrees C. Crystal structures of PtCxSi (x=6, 8, 10) and PtCxPt (x=6, 8, 10, 12) have been determined.

author list (cited authors)

  • Zheng, Q., Bohling, J. C., Peters, T. B., Frisch, A. C., Hampel, F., & Gladysz, J. A.

citation count

  • 116

publication date

  • August 2006

publisher