Photothermal modulation of human stem cells using light-responsive 2D nanomaterials. Academic Article uri icon


  • Two-dimensional (2D) molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) nanomaterials are an emerging class of biomaterials that are photoresponsive at near-infrared wavelengths (NIR). Here, we demonstrate the ability of 2D MoS2 to modulate cellular functions of human stem cells through photothermal mechanisms. The interaction of MoS2 and NIR stimulation of MoS2 with human stem cells is investigated using whole-transcriptome sequencing (RNA-seq). Global gene expression profile of stem cells reveals significant influence of MoS2 and NIR stimulation of MoS2 on integrins, cellular migration, and wound healing. The combination of MoS2 and NIR light may provide new approaches to regulate and direct these cellular functions for the purposes of regenerative medicine as well as cancer therapy.

published proceedings

  • Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A

altmetric score

  • 73.78

author list (cited authors)

  • Carrow, J. K., Singh, K. A., Jaiswal, M. K., Ramirez, A., Lokhande, G., Yeh, A. T., ... Gaharwar, A. K.

citation count

  • 32

complete list of authors

  • Carrow, James K||Singh, Kanwar Abhay||Jaiswal, Manish K||Ramirez, Adelina||Lokhande, Giriraj||Yeh, Alvin T||Sarkar, Tapasree Roy||Singh, Irtisha||Gaharwar, Akhilesh K

publication date

  • June 2020