Ca2+ release-activated Ca2+ channels are responsible for histamine-induced Ca2+ entry, permeability increase, and interleukin synthesis in lymphatic endothelial cells.
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The lymphatic functions in maintaining lymph transport, and immune surveillance can be impaired by infections and inflammation, thereby causing debilitating disorders, such as lymphedema and inflammatory bowel disease. Histamine is a key inflammatory mediator known to trigger vasodilation and vessel hyperpermeability upon binding to its receptors and evoking intracellular Ca2+ ([Ca2+]i) dynamics for downstream signal transductions. However, the exact molecular mechanisms beneath the [Ca2+]i dynamics and the downstream cellular effects have not been elucidated in the lymphatic system. Here, we show that Ca2+ release-activated Ca2+ (CRAC) channels, formed by Orai1 and stromal interaction molecule 1 (STIM1) proteins, are required for the histamine-elicited Ca2+ signaling in human dermal lymphatic endothelial cells (HDLECs). Blockers or antagonists against CRAC channels, phospholipase C, and H1R receptors can all significantly diminish the histamine-evoked [Ca2+]i dynamics in lymphatic endothelial cells (LECs), while short interfering RNA-mediated knockdown of endogenous Orai1 or STIM1 also abolished the Ca2+ entry upon histamine stimulation in LECs. Furthermore, we find that histamine compromises the lymphatic endothelial barrier function by increasing the intercellular permeability and disrupting vascular endothelial-cadherin integrity, which is remarkably attenuated by CRAC channel blockers. Additionally, the upregulated expression of inflammatory cytokines, IL-6 and IL-8, after histamine stimulation was abolished by silencing Orai1 or STIM1 with RNAi in LECs. Taken together, our data demonstrated the essential role of CRAC channels in mediating the [Ca2+]i signaling and downstream endothelial barrier and inflammatory functions induced by histamine in the LECs, suggesting a promising potential to relieve histamine-triggered vascular leakage and inflammatory disorders in the lymphatics by targeting CRAC channel functions.
Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol
author list (cited authors)
Si, H., Wang, J., Meininger, C. J., Peng, X. u., Zawieja, D. C., & Zhang, S. L
complete list of authors
Si, Hongjiang||Wang, Jian||Meininger, Cynthia J||Peng, Xu||Zawieja, David C||Zhang, Shenyuan L