The Discipline Gatekeeper: Assistant Principals' Experiences With Managing School Discipline in Urban Middle Schools Academic Article uri icon


  • School discipline disparities for African American students in urban schools continue to be a topic of contention. While research has rightfully called into question the practices and preparation of teachers and principals, the role that assistant principals serve as disciplinary gatekeepers has gone relatively unnoticed in the literature. The purpose of this study was to explore the experiences of five assistant principals at two urban middle schools to ascertain how they addressed issues of race amid applying school discipline interventions for African American students. The findings are analyzed and discussed through a critical race theoretical framework.

published proceedings


altmetric score

  • 4.4

author list (cited authors)

  • Williams, J., Lewis, C., Starker Glass, T., Butler, B. R., & Hoon Lim, J.

citation count

  • 10

complete list of authors

  • Williams, John AIII||Lewis, Chance||Starker Glass, Tehia||Butler, Bettie R||Hoon Lim, Jae

publication date

  • October 2023