NF-κB inhibitors, unique γ-pyranol-γ-lactams with sulfide and sulfoxide moieties from Hawaiian plant Lycopodiella cernua derived fungus Paraphaeosphaeria neglecta FT462 Academic Article uri icon


  • LC-UV/MS-based metabolomic analysis of the Hawaiian endophytic fungus Paraphaeosphaeria neglecta FT462 led to the identification of four unique mercaptolactated γ-pyranol-γ-lactams, paraphaeosphaerides E-H (1-4) together with one γ-lactone (5) and the methyl ester of compound 2 (11). The structures of the new compounds (1-5 and 11) were elucidated through the analysis of HRMS and NMR spectroscopic data. The absolute configuration was determined by chemical reactions with sodium borohydride, hydrogen peroxide, α-methoxy-α-(trifluoromethyl)phenylacetyl chlorides (Mosher reagents), and DP4 + NMR calculations. All the compounds were tested against STAT3, A2780 and A2780cisR cancer cell lines, E. coli JW2496, and NF-κB. Compounds 1 and 3 strongly inhibited NF-κB with IC50 values of 7.1 and 1.5 μM, respectively.

author list (cited authors)

  • Li, C., Sarotti, A. M., Huang, P., Dang, U. T., Hurdle, J. G., Kondratyuk, T. P., ... Cao, S.

citation count

  • 8

publication date

  • December 2017