Analytical validation of an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for the quantification of S100A12 in the serum and feces of cats. Academic Article uri icon


  • BACKGROUND: Measuring S100A12 concentrations in serum and feces is a sensitive and specific marker of inflammation, such as seen with chronic gastrointestinal inflammation in people and dogs. Biomarkers of inflammation in cats are currently lacking. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to analytically cross-validate the canine S100A12-ELISA for the measurement of S100A12 in feline specimens. METHODS: The ELISA was analytically validated by assessing dilutional linearity, spiking/recovery, intra- and inter-assay variability. Reference intervals for serum and fecal feline S100A12 concentrations were calculated using samples from healthy cats, and the short-term biological variation of fecal S100A12 was assessed. RESULTS: Observed-to-expected ratios (O/E) for serial dilutions of serum and fecal extracts ranged from 91%-159% (mean, 120%) and 100%-128% (mean, 114%), and for the spiking/recovery method ranged from 106%-263% (mean, 154%) and 52%-171% (mean, 112%). Intra- and inter-assay CV% for serum were 5.6% and 14.0%, and for fecal extractswere 3.8% and 19.1%, repsectively. RIs for feline serum and fecal S100A12 concentrations were <43g/L and <20ng/g, respectively. Amild short-term biologic variation, but large individuality weredetected when measuringfecal S100A12 concentrations in healthy cats. CONCLUSIONS: The canine S100A12-ELISA is accurate, reproducible, and sufficiently linear and precise for the measurement of S100A12 in feline serum and fecal samples. The use of this assay is a reasonable option for themeasurement of S100A12 concentrations in feline specimens and provides a basis forthe furtherevaluation of S100A12 in cats with gastrointestinal disease. Using a population-based RI for fecal feline S100A12 appears to be of limited value.

published proceedings

  • Vet Clin Pathol

altmetric score

  • 0.25

author list (cited authors)

  • Bridges, C. S., Grtzner, N., Suchodolski, J. S., Steiner, J. M., & Heilmann, R. M.

citation count

  • 2

complete list of authors

  • Bridges, Cory S||Grützner, Niels||Suchodolski, Jan S||Steiner, Jörg M||Heilmann, Romy M

publication date

  • December 2019