Layer-by-Layer Assembly of Polyaniline Nanofibers and MXene Thin-Film Electrodes for Electrochemical Energy Storage.
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The growing demand for compact energy storage devices may be met through the use of thin-film microbatteries, which generally rely on charge storage in thin or conformal layers. A promising technique for creating thin-film electrodes is layer-by-layer (LbL) assembly, based on the alternating adsorption of oppositely charged species to a surface to form a nanostructured electrode. Thin-film energy storage devices must have a high energy density within a limited space, so new electrode structures, materials, and assembly methods are important. To this end, both two-dimensional MXenes and polyaniline nanofibers (PNFs) have shown promising energy storage properties. Here, we report on the LbL assembly of positively charged PNFs and negatively charged Ti3C2T x MXenes into hybrid electrodes for thin-film energy storage devices. The successful assembly is demonstrated in which MXenes and PNFs are deposited in films of 49 nm/layer pair thickness. The resulting composition was 77 wt % PNFs and 23 wt % MXenes. The charge storage process was deconvoluted into faradaic/non-faradaic contributions and separated into contributions from PNFs and MXenes. A sandwich cell showed a maximum areal capacity, energy, and power of 17.6 μA h cm-2, 22.1 μW h cm-2, and 1.5 mW cm-2, respectively, for PNF/MXene multilayers of about 2 μm thickness. This work suggests the possibility of using LbL PNF/MXene thin films as electrode materials for thin-film energy storage devices used in next-generation small electronics.
author list (cited authors)
Yun, J., Echols, I., Flouda, P., Wang, S., Easley, A., Zhao, X., ... Lutkenhaus, J. L.