The distributions of teacher qualification: A cross-national study Academic Article uri icon


  • 2019 Elsevier Ltd This cross-national study examines how different measures of teacher qualifications are distributed across low-income schools and classrooms. The findings indicate that the magnitude of the exposure rates and gaps to less-qualified teachers between low-SES and high-SES classrooms and schools varies remarkably across 32 OECD countries. On average, within-school distribution accounts for a greater share of the total gaps than between-school distribution, especially when it comes to out-of-field teaching. This study also examines the relationships between national contexts and the distributions of teacher qualifications. The findings suggest that income inequality is negatively associated with within-school exposure gaps to out-of-field reading teachers. The findings from this study support the notion that governments play a critical role in narrowing the gaps of teacher distribution. Specifically, equitable teacher distribution relies on government allocations of teachers more equally between and within schools to better ensure equitable distribution across student socioeconomic status.

published proceedings


altmetric score

  • 3

author list (cited authors)

  • Qin, L., & Bowen, D. H.

citation count

  • 4

complete list of authors

  • Qin, Lixia||Bowen, Daniel H

publication date

  • January 2019