CRISPR/Cas9 genome editing technology in filamentous fungi: progress and perspective Academic Article uri icon

abstract

  • Filamentous fungi play an important role in human health and industrial/agricultural production. With the increasing number of full genomes available for fungal species, the study of filamentous fungi has brought about a wider range of genetic manipulation opportunities. However, the utilization of traditional methods to study fungi is time consuming and laborious. Recent rapid progress and wide application of a versatile genome editing technology, i.e., the CRISPR (clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeat)-Cas9 (CRISPR-related nuclease 9) system, has revolutionized biological research and has many innovative applications in a wide range of fields showing great promise in research and application of filamentous fungi. In this review, we introduce the CRISPR/Cas9 genome editing technology focusing on its application in research of filamentous fungi and we discuss the general considerations of genome editing using CRISPR/Cas9 system illustrating vector construction, multiple editing strategies, technical consideration of different sizes of homology arms on genome editing efficiency, off-target effects, and different transformation methodologies. In addition, we discuss the challenges encountered using CRISPR/Cas9 technology and give the perspectives of future applications of CRISPR/Cas9 technology for basic research and practical application of filamentous fungi.

altmetric score

  • 0.75

author list (cited authors)

  • Song, R., Zhai, Q., Sun, L. u., Huang, E., Zhang, Y. u., Zhu, Y., ... Lu, H.

citation count

  • 38

publication date

  • July 2019