Role of microstructure on the actuation fatigue performance of Ni-Rich NiTiHf high temperature shape memory alloys
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© 2019 Acta Materialia Inc. The focus of the present study was to systematically investigate the influence of microstructure on the actuation fatigue performance of a Ni-rich NiTiHf high temperature shape memory alloy (HTSMA). Different aging heat treatments led to the formation of H-phase nano-precipitates with different sizes and morphology within the matrix, enhancing thermo-mechanical stability and enabling control of transformation temperatures. The actuation fatigue testing of specimens was performed until failure through thermally-induced reversible martensitic transformation under a constant stress (300 MPa) with two distinct upper cycle temperatures (UCT) of 300 °C and 350 °C. Consequently, the specimens heated to 700 °C and furnace cooled to 100 °C in 48 h, with relatively large precipitates, failed at average fatigue life of 15,500 cycles and exhibited 1.0% average actuation strain in the 300 °C UCT experiments, while those aged at 550 °C for 3 h, with the precipitate sizes less than 20 nm, attained an average fatigue life of 10,800 cycles and an actuation strain of 2.5%. Samples with intermediate precipitate sizes after aging at 600 °C for 10 h failed at the shortest average fatigue life of 8,200 cycles with an intermediate average actuation strain of 2.0%. Furthermore, increase in UCT decreased the fatigue life and resulted in larger average actuation strains for all samples. Overall, the current findings constitute the first systematic results demonstrating the microstructure dependence of the evolution of actuation strain, irrecoverable strain, and transformation temperatures during actuation fatigue, and actuation fatigue life of the Ni-rich Ni50.3Ti29.7Hf20 HTSMA, demonstrating the importance of controlling the H-phase precipitate size.
author list (cited authors)
Karakoc, O., Hayrettin, C., Evirgen, A., Santamarta, R., Canadinc, D., Wheeler, R. W., ... Karaman, I.