Perception of occlusal plane that is nonparallel to interpupillary and commissural lines but with the maxillary dental midline ideally positioned. Academic Article uri icon


  • STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: How disparities in parallelism between the occlusal plane and the interpupillary (IP) or commissural facial front lines are perceived is unclear. PURPOSE: The purpose of this observational study was to examine the perceptions of laypersons, dental students, and dentists regarding disparities of the anterior occlusal plane (AOP) and posterior occlusal plane (POP) with respect to the IPand commissural line (CL) with the maxillary dental midline ideally positioned. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A model of a symmetric female face was digitally created with the IP and CL parallel and the facial midline coincident with the maxillary dental midline. Two groups of images were created, one with the POP modified in 1-degree increments, in which both the maxillary dental midline and the position of the maxillary central incisors were not manipulated, and the other with the POP modified in the same increments but with the position of both maxillary central incisors lengthened to follow the inclination of the occlusal plane. Participants (N=312) were asked to rate the images on a 1-to-6 scale. The Kruskal-Wallis medians test and ordinal logistic regression were used to analyze the ratings. RESULTS: Group median ratings for different occupations gradually decreased with increased inclination of the occlusal plane. Significant differences were found for inclinations from 2 to 5 degrees. Significant odd ratios were found for age and sex. CONCLUSIONS: Dental professionals detected smaller POP disparities. The dentist and dental student groups gave lower ratings in proportion to the amount of POP inclination. Laypersons gave lower ratings only after 3 degrees of POP inclination but still graded all the images as esthetically pleasant. Older people and men tended to give higher ratings to the same image.

published proceedings

  • J Prosthet Dent

author list (cited authors)

  • Revilla-Len, M., Meyer, M. J., Barrington, J. J., Sones, A., Umorin, M. P., Taleghani, M., & Zandinejad, A.

citation count

  • 7

complete list of authors

  • Revilla-León, Marta||Meyer, Matthew J||Barrington, Jennifer J||Sones, Amerian||Umorin, Mikhail P||Taleghani, Mohsen||Zandinejad, Amirali

publication date

  • January 2019