Predicting V[Combining Dot Above]O2max From Treadmill Performance in American-Style Football Athletes. Academic Article uri icon


  • Crouse, SF, Tolson, H, Lytle, J, Johnson, KA, Martin, SE, Green, JS, Oliver, J, Carbuhn, A, Lambert, B, and Bramhall, JP. Predicting V[Combining Dot Above]O2max from treadmill performance in American-style football athletes. J Strength Cond Res 33(4): 1028-1034, 2019-Prediction equations are often used to estimate V[Combining Dot Above]O2max in the general population but are lacking for American-style football (ASF) athletes. We sought to develop a regression model to estimate V[Combining Dot Above]O2max from treadmill exercise time in ASF athletes and compare our football V[Combining Dot Above]O2max model with 2 published prediction equations (Foster et al., 1984, and Bruce, 1973). American-style football athletes (N = 472, age = 18 ± 1 year, height = 186.1 ± 8.2 cm, and body mass = 101.8 ± 20.4 kg) underwent treadmill exercise to voluntary exhaustion (Bruce protocol). Maximal exercise time was recorded in minutes (Tmin), and V[Combining Dot Above]O2max was simultaneously measured (M-V[Combining Dot Above]O2max, mlO2·kg·min) by an automated gas-analysis system. Athletes were then randomly divided into validation and cross-validation groups (n = 236). Linear regression yielded estimates of V[Combining Dot Above]O2max from Tmin as follows: validation V[Combining Dot Above]O2max = 4.012 × Tmin - 4.628 (r = 0.678, p < 0.001, and SEE = 4.07); cross-validation V[Combining Dot Above]O2max = 4.025 × Tmin - 4.693 (r = 0.661, p < 0.001, and SEE = -4.16). These equations had a cross-validation coefficient of 0.813 and a double cross-validation coefficient of 0.823. Differences between the slopes of the 2 equations were not significant (t-test, p = 0.9603). Because validation and cross-validation groups were not statistically different on any variables measured (multivariate analysis of variance, p > 0.05), all athletes were combined to yield our final prediction equation: football V[Combining Dot Above]O2max = 4.017 × Tmin - 4.644 (r = 0.670, p < 0.001, and SEE = 4.11). Repeated-measures analysis of variance demonstrated significant differences (p < 0.001) in estimates of V[Combining Dot Above]O2max among Foster (44.1 ± 6.1), Bruce (47.1 ± 5.5), and our football (45.1 ± 5.8) equations. Foster and Bruce V[Combining Dot Above]O2max estimates were also significantly different from M-V[Combining Dot Above]O2max ((Equation is included in full-text article.)diff = -0.975 and 1.995, respectively, p < 0.001). V[Combining Dot Above]O2max of ASF athletes can be reasonably estimated by our football prediction equation using maximal treadmill time as the predictor.

author list (cited authors)

  • Crouse, S. F., Tolson, H., Lytle, J., Johnson, K. A., Martin, S. E., Green, J. S., ... Bramhall, J. P.

citation count

  • 2

publication date

  • February 2019