Predicting V[Combining Dot Above]O2max From Treadmill Performance in American-Style Football Athletes.
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Crouse, SF, Tolson, H, Lytle, J, Johnson, KA, Martin, SE, Green, JS, Oliver, J, Carbuhn, A, Lambert, B, and Bramhall, JP. Predicting V[Combining Dot Above]O2max from treadmill performance in American-style football athletes. J Strength Cond Res 33(4): 1028-1034, 2019-Prediction equations are often used to estimate V[Combining Dot Above]O2max in the general population but are lacking for American-style football (ASF) athletes. We sought to develop a regression model to estimate V[Combining Dot Above]O2max from treadmill exercise time in ASF athletes and compare our football V[Combining Dot Above]O2max model with 2 published prediction equations (Foster et al., 1984, and Bruce, 1973). American-style football athletes (N = 472, age = 18 ± 1 year, height = 186.1 ± 8.2 cm, and body mass = 101.8 ± 20.4 kg) underwent treadmill exercise to voluntary exhaustion (Bruce protocol). Maximal exercise time was recorded in minutes (Tmin), and V[Combining Dot Above]O2max was simultaneously measured (M-V[Combining Dot Above]O2max, mlO2·kg·min) by an automated gas-analysis system. Athletes were then randomly divided into validation and cross-validation groups (n = 236). Linear regression yielded estimates of V[Combining Dot Above]O2max from Tmin as follows: validation V[Combining Dot Above]O2max = 4.012 × Tmin - 4.628 (r = 0.678, p < 0.001, and SEE = 4.07); cross-validation V[Combining Dot Above]O2max = 4.025 × Tmin - 4.693 (r = 0.661, p < 0.001, and SEE = -4.16). These equations had a cross-validation coefficient of 0.813 and a double cross-validation coefficient of 0.823. Differences between the slopes of the 2 equations were not significant (t-test, p = 0.9603). Because validation and cross-validation groups were not statistically different on any variables measured (multivariate analysis of variance, p > 0.05), all athletes were combined to yield our final prediction equation: football V[Combining Dot Above]O2max = 4.017 × Tmin - 4.644 (r = 0.670, p < 0.001, and SEE = 4.11). Repeated-measures analysis of variance demonstrated significant differences (p < 0.001) in estimates of V[Combining Dot Above]O2max among Foster (44.1 ± 6.1), Bruce (47.1 ± 5.5), and our football (45.1 ± 5.8) equations. Foster and Bruce V[Combining Dot Above]O2max estimates were also significantly different from M-V[Combining Dot Above]O2max ((Equation is included in full-text article.)diff = -0.975 and 1.995, respectively, p < 0.001). V[Combining Dot Above]O2max of ASF athletes can be reasonably estimated by our football prediction equation using maximal treadmill time as the predictor.
author list (cited authors)
Crouse, S. F., Tolson, H., Lytle, J., Johnson, K. A., Martin, S. E., Green, J. S., ... Bramhall, J. P.