Experimental Demonstration of Ultrafast THz Modulation in a Graphene-Based Thin Film Absorber through Negative Photoinduced Conductivity. Academic Article uri icon


  • We present an experimental demonstration and interpretation of an ultrafast optically tunable, graphene-based thin film absorption modulator for operation in the THz regime. The graphene-based component consists of a uniform CVD-grown graphene sheet stacked on an SU-8 dielectric substrate that is grounded by a metallic ground plate. The structure shows enhanced absorption originating from constructive interference of the impinging and reflected waves at the absorbing graphene sheet. The modulation of this absorption, which is demonstrated via a THz time-domain spectroscopy setup, is achieved by applying an optical pump signal, which modifies the conductivity of the graphene sheet. We report an ultrafast (on the order of few ps) absorption modulation on the order of 40% upon photoexcitation. Our results provide evidence that the optical pump excitation results in the degradation of the graphene THz conductivity, which is connected with the generation of hot carriers, the increase of the electronic temperature, and the dominant increase of the scattering rate over the carrier concentration as found in highly doped samples.

published proceedings

  • ACS Photonics

altmetric score

  • 10.65

author list (cited authors)

  • Tasolamprou, A. C., Koulouklidis, A. D., Daskalaki, C., Mavidis, C. P., Kenanakis, G., Deligeorgis, G., ... Soukoulis, C. M.

citation count

  • 102

complete list of authors

  • Tasolamprou, Anna C||Koulouklidis, Anastasios D||Daskalaki, Christina||Mavidis, Charalampos P||Kenanakis, George||Deligeorgis, George||Viskadourakis, Zacharias||Kuzhir, Polina||Tzortzakis, Stelios||Kafesaki, Maria||Economou, Eleftherios N||Soukoulis, Costas M

publication date

  • March 2019