Angiotensin II receptors in the fowl aorta.
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In the domestic fowl, angiotensin II (ANG II) causes an in vivo depressor response and in vitro relaxation of aortic rings which appear to be a direct action of ANG II on the blood vessels. Thus, we determined whether binding sites specific to ANG II exist in the membrane fraction of the fowl aorta. The particulate fraction of aortas from adult female fowl, Gallus gallus, exhibits high specific binding to ANG II ligand. 125I-[Ile5]ANG II (0.5 nM) binding to the above fraction (30 micrograms protein) in 50 mM Tris (pH 7.2), 10 mM MgCl2, and 0.2% bovine serum albumin at 12 degrees (1) is rapid, saturable, and reversible; (2) increases as a function of ligand or membrane concentration, time, and temperature; and (3) optimally fits to a two-site (high and low affinity) model. The equilibrium dissociation constant (0.15 +/- 0.03 nM) and binding site concentration (28.7 +/- 8.1 fmol/mg protein) of the high affinity site as well as association (0.055 nM-1.min-1) and dissociation (0.0122 min-1) rate constants are similar to those of mammalian vascular ANG II receptors. Both 125I-[Ile5]ANG II and 125I-[Val5]ANG II are competitively displaced by unlabeled ANG II. These results suggest that specific ANG II receptors exist in the fowl aorta.