An endogenous chemorepellent directs cell movement by inhibiting pseudopods at one side of cells.
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Eukaryotic chemoattraction signal transduction pathways, such as those used by Dictyostelium discoideum to move toward cAMP, use a G protein-coupled receptor to activate multiple conserved pathways such as PI3 kinase/Akt/PKB to induce actin polymerization and pseudopod formation at the front of a cell, and PTEN to localize myosin II to the rear of a cell. Relatively little is known about chemorepulsion. We previously found that AprA is a chemorepellent protein secreted by Dictyostelium cells. Here we used 29 cell lines with disruptions of cAMP and/or AprA signal transduction pathway components, and delineated the AprA chemorepulsion pathway. We find that AprA uses a subset of chemoattraction signal transduction pathways including Ras, protein kinase A, target of rapamycin (TOR), phospholipase A, and ERK1, but does not require the PI3 kinase/Akt/PKB and guanylyl cyclase pathways to induce chemorepulsion. Possibly as a result of not using the PI3 kinase/Akt/PKB pathway and guanylyl cyclases, AprA does not induce actin polymerization or increase the pseudopod formation rate, but rather appears to inhibit pseudopod formation at the side of cells closest to the source of AprA.
author list (cited authors)
Rijal, R., Consalvo, K. M., Lindsey, C. K., & Gomer, R. H.
complete list of authors
Rijal, Ramesh||Consalvo, Kristen M||Lindsey, Christopher K||Gomer, Richard H
editor list (cited editors)