Dual inhibition of ERK1/2 and AKT pathways is required to suppress the growth and survival of endometriotic cells and lesions
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Endometriosis is an estrogen-dependent and progesterone-resistant gynecological inflammatory disease of reproductive-age women. Current hormonal therapies targeting estrogen can be prescribed only for a short time. It indicates a need for non-hormonal therapy. ERK1/2 and AKT pathways control several intracellular signaling molecules that control growth and survival of cells. Objectives of the present study are to determine the dual inhibitory effects of ERK1/2 and AKT pathways: (i) on proliferation, survival, and apoptosis of human endometrioitc epithelial cells and stromal cells in vitro; (ii) on growth and survival of endometrioitc lesions in vivo in xenograft mouse model of endometriosis of human origin; and (iii) establish the associated ERK1/2 and AKT downstream intracellular signaling modules in the pathogenesis of endometriosis. Our results indicated that combined inhibition of ERK1/2 and AKT pathways highly decreased the growth and survival of human endometriotic epithelial cells and stromal cells in vitro and suppressed the growth of endometriotic lesions in vivo compared to inhibition of either ERK1/2 or AKT pathway individually. This cause-effect is associated with dysregulated intracellular signaling modules associated with cell cycle, cell survival, and cell apoptosis pathways. Collectively, our results indicate that dual inhibition of ERK1/2 and AKT pathways could emerge as potential non-hormonal therapy for the treatment of endometriosis.
author list (cited authors)
Arosh, J. A., & Banu, S. K.