Evolving biodiversity patterns in changing river networks
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Biodiversity patterns are governed by landscape structure and dispersal strategies of residing organisms. Landscape, however, changes, and dispersal strategies evolve with it. It is unclear how these biological and geomorphological changes interplay to affect biodiversity patterns. Here we develop metacommunity models that allow for dispersal evolution and implement them in river networks with different structures, mimicking the geomorphological dynamics of fluvial landscape. For a given dispersal kernel, a more compact network structure, where local communities are closer to one another, results in biodiversity patterns characteristic of a more well-mixed environment. When dispersal evolution is present, however, organisms adopt more local dispersal strategies in a more compact network, counteracting the effects of the more well-mixed environment. The combined effects lead to biodiversity patterns different from when dispersal evolution is absent. These findings underscore the importance of taking the interplay between the evolution of dispersal, landscape, and biodiversity patterns into account when studying and managing biodiversity in changing landscape.
author list (cited authors)
Muneepeerakul, R., Bertuzzo, E., Rinaldo, A., & Rodriguez-Iturbe, I.