Proteomic analysis of liver tissue from dogs with chronic hepatitis
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Chronic hepatitis is the most common hepatic disease in dogs. Copper accumulation is an important cause of chronic hepatitis in dogs; however, the etiology in most dogs cannot be determined. Clinical signs of chronic hepatitis are often non-specific; therefore, this disease is frequently diagnosed in an advanced stage that makes successful intervention less likely. Early diagnosis of chronic hepatitis in dogs would thus be beneficial. The identification of proteins that are differentially expressed in dogs with chronic hepatitis could contribute to the development of novel diagnostic markers for this disease and provide insight into its pathogenesis. The objective of this study was to identify novel proteins that are differentially expressed in the liver of dogs with chronic hepatitis. Hepatic tissue was collected from 8 healthy dogs during ovariohysterectomy and from 8 dogs with histologically confirmed chronic hepatitis. The proteome of the liver samples was extracted by mechanical disruption and detergent-based cell lysis and differentially labeled prior to analysis by 2-dimensional fluorescence difference gel electrophoresis. Spots with an absolute fold change value > 2.0 were selected for further analysis. Protein identification was achieved by nanoflow liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry. Differential expression of select proteins was validated by Western blot. Five protein spots were differentially expressed between patients with chronic hepatitis and healthy control dogs. From these 5 protein spots 11 proteins were identified. Differential expression of cytokeratin 18 and annexin 5 were confirmed by Western blot analysis. Differential protein expression was shown between dogs with chronic hepatitis and healthy control dogs. Upregulation of cytokeratin 18 in chronic hepatitis may suggest increased hepatocellular apoptosis and necrosis, whereas upregulation of annexin 5A suggests increased hepatocellular apoptosis. Further studies are needed to determine whether either protein has diagnostic utility.
author list (cited authors)
Lawrence, Y. A., Dangott, L. J., Rodrigues-Hoffmann, A., Steiner, J. M., Suchodolski, J. S., & Lidbury, J. A.