The peculiar SN 2005hk: Do some type ia supernovae explode as deflagrations? Academic Article uri icon


  • We present extensive u'g'r'i'BVRIYJHK.. photometry and optical spectroscopy of the Type la supernova (SN) 2005hk. These data reveal that SN 2005hk was nearly identical in its observed properties to SN 2002cx, which has been called "the most peculiar known Type la supernova." Both supernovae exhibited highionization SN 1991T-like premaximum spectra, yet low peak luminosities like that of SN 1991bg. The spectra reveal that SN 2005hk, like SN 2002cx, exhibited expansion velocities that were roughly half those of typical Type la supernovae. The R and / light curves of both supernovae were also peculiar in not displaying the secondary maximum observed for normal Type la supernovae. Our YJH photometry of SN 2005hk reveals the same peculiarity in the near-infrared. By combining our optical and near-infrared photometry of SN 2005hk with published ultraviolet light curves obtained with the Swift satellite, we are able to construct a bolometric light curve from 15 days before to 60 days after Baximum. The shape and unusually low peak luminosity of this light curve, plus the low expansion velocities and absence of a secondary maximum at red and near-infrared wavelengths, are all in reasonable agreement with model calculations of a three-dimensional deflagration that produces 0.2 M of 56Ni. 2007. The Astronomical Society of the Pacific. All rights reserved.

published proceedings


author list (cited authors)

  • Phillips, M. M., Li, W., Frieman, J. A., Blinnikov, S. I., DePoy, D., Prieto, J. L., ... Yasuda, N.

citation count

  • 197

complete list of authors

  • Phillips, MM||Li, Weidong||Frieman, Joshua A||Blinnikov, SI||DePoy, Darren||Prieto, Jose L||Milne, P||Contreras, Carlos||Folatelli, Gaston||Morrell, Nidia||Hamuy, Mario||Suntzeff, Nicholas B||Roth, Miguel||Gonzalez, Sergio||Krzeminski, Wojtek||Filippenko, Alexei V||Freedman, Wendy L||Chornock, Ryan||Jha, Saurabh||Madore, Barry F||Persson, SE||Burns, Christopher R||Wyatt, Pamela||Murphy, David||Foley, Ryan J||Ganeshalingam, Mohan||Serduke, Franklin JD||Krisciunas, Kevin||Bassett, Bruce||Becker, Andrew||Dilday, Ben||Eastman, J||Garnavich, Peter M||Holtzman, Jon||Kessler, Richard||Lampeitl, Hubert||Marriner, John||Frank, S||Marshall, JL||Miknaitis, Gajus||Sako, Masao||Schneider, Donald P||Van Der Heyden, Kurt||Yasuda, Naoki

publication date

  • April 2007