Development and evaluation of a genomics training program for community health workers in Texas
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PURPOSE: Genomics services have the potential to reduce incidence and mortality of diseases by providing individualized, family health history (FHH)-based prevention strategies to clients. These services may benefit from the involvement of community health workers (CHWs) in the provision of FHH-based genomics education and services, as CHWs are frontline public health workers and lay health educators, who share similar ethnicities, languages, socioeconomic statuses, and life experiences with the communities they serve. We developed, implemented, and evaluated the FHH-based genomics training program for CHWs. METHODS: This theory- and evidence-based FHH-focused genomics curriculum was developed by an interdisciplinary team. Full-day workshops in English and Spanish were delivered to 145 Texas CHWs (91.6% were Hispanic/black). Preworkshop, postworkshop, and 3-month follow-up data were collected. RESULTS: CHWs significantly improved their attitudes, intention, self-efficacy, and knowledge regarding adopting FHH-based genomics into their practice after the workshops. At 3-month follow-up, these scores remained higher, and there was a significant increase in CHWs' genomics practices. CONCLUSION: This FHH-based genomics training successfully educated Texas CHWs, and the outcomes were promising. Dissemination of training to CHWs in and outside of Texas is needed to promote better access to and delivery of personalized genomics services for the lay and underserved communities.
author list (cited authors)
Chen, L., Zhao, S., Stelzig, D., Dhar, S. U., Eble, T., Yeh, Y., & Kwok, O.
complete list of authors
Chen, Lei-Shih||Zhao, Shixi||Stelzig, Donaji||Dhar, Shweta U||Eble, Tanya||Yeh, Yu-Chen||Kwok, Oi-Man