Haploinsufficiency of cytosolic serine hydroxymethyltransferase in the Smith-Magenis syndrome.
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Folate-dependent one-carbon metabolism is critical for the synthesis of numerous cellular constituents required for cell growth, and serine hydroxymethyltransferase (SHMT) is central to this process. Our studies reveal that the gene for cytosolic SHMT (cSHMT) maps to the critical interval for Smith-Magenis syndrome (SMS) on chromosome 17p11.2. The basic organization of the cSHMT locus on chromosome 17 was determined and was found to be deleted in all 26 SMS patients examined by PCR, FISH, and/or Southern analysis. Furthermore, with respect to haploinsufficiency, cSHMT enzyme activity in patient lymphoblasts was determined to be approximately 50% that of unaffected parent lymphoblasts. Serine, glycine, and folate levels were also assessed in three SMS patients and were found to be within normal ranges. The possible effects of cSHMT hemizygosity on the SMS phenotype are discussed.
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Elsea, SH||Juyal, RC||Jiralerspong, S||Finucane, BM||Pandolfo, M||Greenberg, F||Baldini, A||Stover, P||Patel, PI